A “Quick Start” Guide to Fly Fishing

Your new TV or computer came with a “start here” guide with big pictures and easy to follow directions. This is because no one reads manuals until they are in trouble and can’t get any one to answer the 800 number. Fly fishing is not different. You do more research, but it helps to have the “start here” guide in you vest.

I want to present to you a “start here” guide to fly fishing. I trust you can get your waders and boots on by yourself, so I’ll leave that alone. I’ll start at the part where you’re dressed.

It’s always a good idea to get some local beta before you go out. Fly shops, newspaper columns and radio shows offer great current advise. I’d say they can give you 80% https://bensupstairs.com/best-wood-router . The other 20% encompasses the changing conditions that are happening NOW. Without this local knowledge you are starting from scratch.

To get the right combination of line, leader and fly you need to look at conditions on the river – not at the truck. It is tempting to set up everything ahead of time, but it rarely gets you the right setup. I try to be prepared but not overpacked and do carry two reels: one with floating line and the other with an intermediate sink line. This give me the option to fish streamers with the intermediate sink line if I want.

We need to figure out what the fish are eating, are they holding or feeding and what they are eating before we can setup. This is a great way to connect with nature and that is why we are here. If you just wanted to catch fish you’d have a 6 pack and can of worms.

Clues to what the fish are feeding on is above, on and below the water. Above the water look for visible hatches or birds eating bugs. Dry flies are called for in these conditions. Examine the surface and see if there are bugs on it either emerging or on the film.

Feeding trout on or near the surface will be evident by bulges or ripples on the water. Trout feeding just under the water will create a bulge great for wet flies or emergers. Trout feeding on the surface will make ripples so use a dry fly here. If there is no evident action on the surface we need to get deeper with nymphs or streamers. Kick over some rocks and skim the debris with a small aquarium net and see what crawls out. We now know what and where the fish are eating.

Water clarity is important. The clearer the water the more the trout will spook. Be careful on your approach and use a long thin leader. Stained or discolored water calls for a shorter leader.

Here is how I setup my line and leader now that I know the conditions. For dry flies I use a floating line with a longer leader (9-12′) with a 6x tippet. For wet flies and nymphs I will use a 7.5′ long leader with a 4x tippet. It is that easy.

Despite claims from commercial and specialty dog food companies, foods formulated to address allergies may not be effective in helping your dog overcome the problem. There are too many factors to consider and a general veterinary workup may not isolate the allergenic factor.

Since about one third of pet allergies can be traced to the foods they eat, it’s worth exploring this area first. It’s usually the easiest approach, so it makes sense to do this first. Of course, if you can afford it, a more in-depth vet examination could help identify whether it’s due to causative ingredients in the food or perhaps some other environmental factor.

Most reactions consist of itchy, possibly crusty, patches on the dog’s skin. You may not notice it at first and worry that your dog is having a different issue, such as dry skin or something toxic in the dog’s surroundings, including any medications being taken or chemicals used. Some dogs are allergic to fleas, so that is worth testing, too. The dog could react to flea bites, or to the repellant chemicals.

My 8-year-old Rottweiler developed itchy, crusty patches over a year ago and a cursory look from the vet resulted in a recommendation to treat her with Benadryl and bathe her with a skin-soothing pet shampoo. None of this worked, so the next idea was to explore the possibility of an allergy to something in her food. Since she had been eating the same food for most of her life, it seemed like a useless idea, but we discovered that was exactly why we needed to test it. It’s not uncommon for an allergy to develop, over time, to the most common ingredients, especially beef, eggs, wheat, milk solids, nuts, cheese, fruits, some vegetables, and spices or other additives.

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